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  • Things to know about abdominal ultrasound

    Abdominal ultrasound as known is a form of image testing technique that uses ultrasound waves to create images, and structures as well as blood flow in the abdomen.
    This test can also be used to examine some vital organs, and tissues such as liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys.

    How the ultrasound test is performed

    There are lots of organs in the abdomen, and the machine that makes the images of these organs and structures is known as an ultrasound machine. This machine transmits high-frequency sound waves that reflect off the body structures. On the other hand, a computer collects and analysis these waves and transforms them into a picture. As opposed to X-ray and CT scans, this test limits your exposure to ionizing radiation.

    The ultrasound test usually takes less than 35 minutes, the patient lye down while a water gel is applied to the skin over the abdomen with a transducer also moving over the abdomen. This is the most effective way of transmitting sound waves.
    As the procedure continues, the health care provider might ask you transpose your body to examine other areas of your body. During the process, you may as well be asked to grasp your breath for some moments.

    How to prepare for an ultrasound test

    The preparation for this test solely depends on the nature of your problem. You will be informed before time on what to eat or drink, and when to do so by your health care provider.

    What to expect

    The ultrasound test is a bit awkward, and the conducting gel may feel a little cold and wet.

    The purpose of the ultrasound
    The ultrasound test is usually carryout to diagnose the following;
    – To know the cause of abdominal pain
    – To know the cause of kidney infections
    – To Diagnose and monitor tumors and cancers
    – Diagnose or treat ascites
    – To know why abdominal organs swell
    – To find out damage especially after an injury
    – To find stones in the gallbladder or kidney
    – Look for the cause of abnormal blood tests such as liver function tests or kidney tests
    – To find the cause of a fever

    However, the reason for this test depends on your symptoms.

    Normal Results

    The result of an ultrasound test is considered normal when all the organs under examination appear normal.

    Abnormal Results

    The result of ultrasound is considered abnormal when organs under examination malfunctioned or have a defect. However, this depends on the organ under examination and the type of problem associated with the organ. For any question or concern, you can talk to your health care provider.

    Health condition associated/indicate by ultrasound:

    – Abdominal aortic aneurysm
    – Abscess
    – Appendicitis
    – Cholecystitis
    – Gallstones
    – Hydronephrosis
    – Kidney stones
    – Pancreatitis (inflammation in pancreas)
    – Spleen enlargement (splenomegaly)
    – Portal hypertension
    – Liver tumors
    – Obstruction of bile ducts
    – Liver cirrhosis
    Risks Associated with Ultrasound
    To date, there is no known risk associated with ultrasound. The good thing is you are not exposed to ionization.

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